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Monthly Archives: September 2016

Split Perennials using These Tips

You can without much of a stretch proliferate herbaceous perennials by isolating them. Just lift the plant, cut it into littler segments and re-plant in very much arranged soil.

You can without much of a stretch spread herbaceous perennials by separating them. Just lift the plant, cut it into littler areas and re-plant in very much arranged soil.

This is a strategy for engendering, as well as an awesome method for reviving drained and exhausted plants that are not performing admirably, keeping them youthful and lively.

The best time to partition most perennials is in fall or early spring or, for a few, quickly subsequent to blooming.

# Fibrous roots

Many herbaceous perennials produce fibrous roots, which are very easy to divide into sections. As they grow, they produce the newest, strongest growth around the edge. The older centre becomes woody, less vigorous and, as a result, is usually best discarded.

Carefully lift the plant with a garden fork or, for smaller plants, a hand fork.

Break off strong, healthy sections from the edge of the plant, or carefully prize them away with a hand fork. Very large plants may have to be divided with a pair of back-to-back garden forks or even cut into sections with a spade.

Replant immediately in well-prepared soil, making the sure they are replanted at the same depth as the plant was originally growing.

Water thoroughly to settle the soil around the roots and again during hot weather for the first few months at least.

# Fleshy roots

Some perennials, including Astilbe, Hosta and Kniphofia (red hot poker), produce fleshy roots that are not easy to pull apart. The best time to divide these is towards the end of their dormant period, when their buds begin to shoot and you can easily see the most suitable sections.

Carefully lift the whole plant with a garden fork and then cut it into sections with a sharp knife. Make sure each division has at least one, well-developed bud, but two, three or more are preferable.

Ways to Germinating Seeds

germinating-seeds# Buy Your Seeds

One of the great perks of growing your own plants and vegetables from seed is the fact that you’ll have so many choices to choose from – and you’ll be able to find the perfect seeds to suit you and your garden online or at your local garden centre. Remember to take note of your environment and pick seeds wisely, keeping in mind the environment you have on offer. You will need to pay particular attention to the seeds requirements –look out for water requirements, soil temperature, nutritional requirements, and desirable lighting for each species you consider.

# Learn About Your Seeds

Now, that you’ve got your seeds ready – you will need to plant them. It is possible to plant seeds both straight away directly in your garden soil or alternatively in containers that can then be transported outside further down the line. This decision depends hugely on the specie you wish to plant as some require more sensitive care than others. To do so, you will need to know the ideal growing conditions for your plant; the germination time, and also the earliest time from which you can transport your plant outside.

Garden soil can contain high levels of disease and insects that can cause harm to your seeds. Therefore, it is the safer option in most cases to start your seeds off indoors in ‘seed and cutting’ compost. Obviously, these conditions will vary from plant to plant, so make sure you check thoroughly before beginning the process.

# Pick Your Container

You will need a container that is two to three inches deep and features holes at the bottom, for drainage purposes. The width of the container can vary – it all depends on how many seeds you wish to plant. However, remember to ensure you leave enough room for the seeds to germinate. You can buy trays from your local garden centre or online, or you can even use an egg carton. Now that you have your container ready, you will need to line your seeds with your growing medium. Do not fill your container right to the top with this combination, instead leave approximately half an inch at the top. Lightly wet with water to provide a good environment for the seeds to grow in. However, do note that soil-less mixture contains zero nutritional value so it may be a good idea use a seed and cutting compost.

You can purchase propagators which are designed for growing multiple fruit or vegetables from seed. These containers are perfect for the task at hand.

# Check Whether Or Not You Should Soak Your Seeds

Some seeds may require soaking before you plant them, whereas others do not. Make sure to check all the information on the packet as previously mentioned. If your seeds do require soaking, you will need to do so for several hours before adding to your growing medium.

# Time It Right

Normally, you should plant your seeds between 4-6 weeks prior to moving them outside, however species do vary. Also, you may be required to plant your seeds indoors earlier than predicted or indeed later, all dependant on the weather at the time.

# Provide Heat And Lighting

Many seeds do not need lighting to germinate while others do. You may need a source of heat and light as sunlight will most likely not suffice. Pick up a plant lamp to keep your seeds happy with lots of lights and heat. Please note: You may use a fluorescent lamp without trouble but you will need a white bulb to provide the right heat and light for your seeds without burning them. A heat mat may also be a good idea for plants that require extra heat.

# Keep The Growing Medium Moist

We suggest covering your container lightly with plastic sheeting/damp newspaper. This will act as a way to regulate and trap moisture and temperature. This is important as if your seeds dry out they will not germinate properly.

Once you see the first shoot poking through, you will need to move the container into a sunny area. Ensure that the room temperature is above 70°F (21°C) and in bright light so that your plants can grow. You can now remove the plastic/paper covering, but ensure you keep the seedling moist by watering throughout the day. We advise you to water in the early morning and in the afternoon, but not any later in the day – as doing so can mean the water sits on top of the growing medium and can cause problems such as mould that are best avoided. At this point it is also important to feed your seedlings with the correct fertiliser once they’ve gotten a few inches tall.

# Transporting The Seedlings

First, if many of the seeds germinate, it is best to thin out the less-strong seedlings, so that the stronger ones can grow even more so. Aim to not exceed three seedlings per section of the container/egg box. Following this, when growing season starts you will be able to move your seedlings to larger containers outside. Continue to follow the instruction considering soil, lighting and drainage and enjoy.

Caring Indoor Plan

Dismissed houseplants may not pass on, but rather at some point or another they can look exceptionally miserable or wiped out, get to be untidy and secured in clean or vermin. Standard thoughtfulness regarding cleaning, vermin control, preparing and trimming will pay good looking profits.

Disregarded houseplants may not kick the bucket, but rather at some point or another they can look extremely pitiful or wiped out, get to be untidy and secured in clean or vermin. Standard consideration regarding cleaning, vermin control, preparing and trimming will pay great looking profits. Consistent prepping ought to incorporate the evacuation of leaves that hint at sickness, have turned yellow or kicked the bucket. With blossoming plants, evacuating blurred sprouts will urge new bloom buds to open and proceed with the show.

# Solving pest problems

A number of pests can attack your houseplants. Common ones include scale insects,whitefly and mealybug. Control can be quick and easy – simply spray an effective insecticide solution onto your plants to protect them for up to 3 weeks. A systemic insecticide spray controls root pests and those on stems and leaves and is watered onto the compost.

# Keep plants clean

Plant leaves that are kept clean and free of dust will absorb all the available light and so ensure your houseplants remain strong and healthy. Dust the leaves of smooth-leaved plants with a soft, damp cloth. Support the leaf with the palm of your hand and gently clean. A hand shower fitted to bath taps is a useful tool for washing down large plants or plants with many small leaves.

Cacti, succulents and hairy-leaved plants should not be sprayed or washed. Instead use a soft, dry brush to remove the dust.

# Add an extra shine

For an extra glossy finish you can find leaf shining products that add a sparkle to your display. Don’t shine hairy-leaved plants, only those with thick, leathery leaves. Only shine mature leaves, not the new ones.

# Room to root

As plants grow, their roots will gradually fill the pot and the plant will need very frequent watering, as there is little free compost available. If you want the plant to get bigger it’s time for a larger pot and repotting.

But flowering houseplants usually flower much better if they are kept slightly potbound, but in time these will probably need repotting too.

# Repotting

The best time to repot houseplants is when they are actively growing – usually in spring, but also in early summer.

  1. Water the plant thoroughly before you start.
  2. Select a pot just one or two sizes bigger than the existing one and put a layer ofPotting Mix into the new pot.
  3. Knock the plant out of the existing pot and place the rootball into the new one.
  4. Fill the space around the rootball with Potting Mix Root Boosting Compost and lightly firm.
  5. Water thoroughly to settle the compost, and then place out of direct sunlight for a few days.

If you don’t want the plant to get bigger, trim off some of the outer roots at stage 3 and and gently scrape off some of the compost. Repot with fresh Potting Mix into the original pot.

Potting Mix Root Boosting Compost is specially designed for houseplant care. It readily absorbs and retains water, but allows free drainage and air retention – essential for strong root growth.

This growing medium is enriched with all the essential nutrients and trace elements to sustain strong, healthy growth for up to 8 weeks, depending on the vigour of the plant. After this regular feeding with a good houseplant fertiliser is important, such as ready-to-use plant food or, for long-term feeding, continuous release plant food.

# Top dressing

Top dressing is ideal for plants that are too big for you to move or which you would rather not disturb. All you do is carefully remove the top inch or two of old compost and replace with fresh Potting Mix Root Boosting Compost and water well.